Wall Street pioneer Thomas Peterffy told CNBC on Wednesday he was concerned about the prospect of damaging inflation in the U.S., leaning on his personal experiences as a youth in Hungary after World War II.
“Whenever I hear numbers like this I look back to my childhood growing up in Hungary, where I was playing with … billion forint notes, so value of money meant nothing,” said Peterffy, who emigrated from Hungary to the U.S. in 1965. The forint is Hungary’s official currency.
“I’m very worried this is an unstoppable situation because the longer the Fed waits, the more they will have to raise the rates,” Peterffy added, which he said could in turn make servicing U.S. government debt more challenging. “So, we basically are painting ourselves into a box, and I don’t see how we’re going to get out of it.”
The consumer price index in April increased 4.2% from a year earlier, according to the Labor Department. That headline gain for the CPI, which measures a range of goods and energy and housing costs, is the fastest rate in more than 12 years.
The jump comes as the continued rollout of Covid vaccinations is helping the U.S. economy recover from the pandemic.
One factor to consider in evaluating April’s CPI data is that year-over-year comparisons are impacted by the onset of the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. The health crisis and its economic impact caused consumer prices in April 2020 to drop by the largest amount since December 2008.
As result, Federal Reserve officials, including Chairman Jerome Powell, have advised that inflation this spring would look higher because of what’s known as base effects. Even so, Wednesday’s CPI data showed a 0.8% month-to-month increase, much higher than the 0.2% expected by economists.
Powell has repeatedly stressed that he believes price increases will be transitory during the Covid recovery and not the start of problematic runaway inflation like the U.S. experienced in the 1960s and ’70s. That’s why Powell and other central bankers feel it remains necessary to keep the highly accommodative monetary policy put in place in response to the pandemic.
“We’re not quite out of the pandemic yet,” St. Louis Federal Reserve President James Bullard told CNBC on Tuesday. “Once we get out of the pandemic, then I think it will be time to look at whether monetary policy can change.”
Peterffy is not the only person who disagrees with the Fed’s current approach. Billionaire investor Stanley Druckenmiller ripped the central bank Tuesday on CNBC, suggesting the long-term health of the U.S. dollar was at stake.
“I can’t find any period in history where monetary and fiscal policy were this out of step with the economic circumstances, not one,” Druckenmiller said.
— CNBC’s Jeff Cox contributed to this report.