Stock futures were little changed early Friday after the major averages closed at new all-time highs.
Futures contracts tied to the Dow Jones Industrial Average indicated an opening loss of about 30 points. S&P 500 futures and Nasdaq 100 futures were nearly flat.
The major averages were coming off a record-setting session, which saw all three indexes close at new highs. During regular trading hours, the Dow advanced 148 points for a gain of 0.49%. The S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite hit both intraday and record closing highs, gaining 0.58% and 0.84%, respectively.
The leg higher came amid optimism around Covid vaccines, as well as the hope that Washington will soon come to a consensus on additional stimulus measures.
Leaders on Capitol Hill said they are close to an agreement that would provide $900 billion in additional aid. The talks, which have stretched on for months, are up against the wire, with federal funding lapsing at 12:01 a.m. ET on Saturday.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said Thursday that a “bipartisan, bicameral agreement appears to be close at hand.” He noted it was “highly likely” Congress would work through the weekend, and said lawmakers may have to pass a short-term funding measure to buy enough time to approve legislation.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., also said Democrats were moving closer to a consensus. “We made some progress this morning” and “are waiting to hear back,” she told reporters on Thursday.
The stock market is expected to experience massive volume on Friday as Tesla’s historic entry into the S&P 500 is poised to occur at the close. With a market capitalization of more than $600 billion after a nearly 700% rally this year, the electric carmaker will be joining as the seventh-largest company in the index.
Tesla will be added to the benchmark in one fell swoop, marking the largest rebalancing of the S&P 500 in history. It’s estimated that passive funds tracking the S&P 500 will need to buy more than $85 billion of Tesla, while selling $85 billion of the rest of the index to make room for it.
Several major exchange-traded funds like the Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ), which mirrors the Nasdaq 100, will be rebalanced alongside the S&P 500 Friday.
Meanwhile, the Tesla inclusion coincides with a quarterly event known as quadruple witching, when options and futures on indexes and equities expire. Many expect Friday to be one of the busiest trading days of the year.
The major averages are on track to post modest gains for the week. The S&P 500 is up 1.6% this week through Thursday’s close, heading for its fourth positive week in five. The Dow has gained 0.9% in this period, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq outperformed with a 3.1% rally for the week so far.
This week’s gains came despite a rise in Covid cases, as well as disappointing economic data. Jobless claims totaled 885,000 last week, hitting their highest level since early September, and coming in above the expected print of 808,000. Meanwhile, retail sales also fell more than anticipated in November.
“The bad news this week is that the third wave continues to get worse, and the economic damage from the pandemic continues to mount,” said Brad McMillan, chief investment officer at Commonwealth Financial Network. “The good news is that policy is starting to succeed in containing the virus, and the federal government will likely pass a stimulus bill, mitigating both major risk factors.”
McMillan said investors should expect more volatility in the short term amid developments on the stimulus and vaccine front, before the economy returns to growth in 2021. “With vaccines now available and ramping up, we are at the end of the beginning of the pandemic, and markets recognize that,” he added.
Subscribe to CNBC PRO for exclusive insights and analysis, and live business day programming from around the world.